Your application will first go to a board to make sure you are 3Q. Once you are 3Q, then you go to the admissions board.
No- The Admissions Board makes the determination of whether your are "Qualified" -- one of the 3 Q's (CFA and Medical being the other two Q's). The Admissions "Q" is where the Grades, SATs, Athletics , Leadership are rolled into a WCS and candidate is determined to be Qualified. The Admissions Q is determined independent of DODMERB; in fact many candidates (particularly those who complete their application early and quickly ) have the Admissions Board Q prior to completing DODMERB.
Needless to say, there are a lot of candidates who are Qualified, and 3Q, but then Noms & Appointments has to make the determination of who, among all the 3Q candidates , gets appointed by matching up the best candidates to the respective Nominations (i.e. "winning the slate"). Nom and Appointments is kind of a jigsaw puzzle, with the objective of seating the best qualified class within the constraints of the Nomination system.
For those that are CPR , and wondering why they haven't received the BFE or TWE even though the application was submitted in July last year, the Application has already been reviewed, and has made a determination on the Admissions Q. The BGO knows, but is not supposed to tell you--SO DON'T ASK. The big delay for those CPR is not getting before the Admissions Board, but rather waiting for all other applicants from your MOC slates to have submitted their applications and getting reviewed to determine the Q. Only then can Noms and Appointments get to work and chose whom among the many 3Q candidates with nominations gets the appointment.
As an aside, many of the questions on this forum seek to delve into the inner workings and decision making process for Noms and Appointments, and while most of the responses are well intentioned, and perhaps mostly accurate, with maybe a few exceptions on the Forum, I'm really not sure any of us truly understand how Noms and Appointments does it magic. I know its not a focal point of BGO training, and frankly not something I get to concerned with, as it is outside the control of Candidates, their parents or BGO's. I can say with some degree of confidence (based upon 15+ years as a BGO) , the system is usually pretty good at picking the best 3Q candidate for appointment to USNA,